With the decline in the rate of the rebirth of the world population At the same time, the number of elderly and expecting elderly people has increased. Due to the advancement of effective medical care and treatment, many countries are also in a complete transition to an aging society.
Caring for the elderly has become a concern for many. But in fact, if taking care of the elderly in the family with love and understanding, Dealing with the elderly will become easy and not too difficult.
- Take care of cleanliness
Elderly immunity is not strong, often easily contracted. Especially for the elderly who are unable to take care of themselves or have chronic diseases such as diabetes, caregivers should take care of teeth, nails, skin, hair, and crevices of the body including the genital area and buttocks, should not be damp and irritating. In addition, food should not be eaten overnight or take old drugs, That may have expired Which can be dangerous to health.
- Take care of the elderly in food
Most elderly people eat less food. Due to the deterioration of the organs in the body, especially the digestive system, causing bloating. Including oral and dental problems Resulting in unable to chew food thoroughly. In addition, the elderly often drink less water and lack of exercise. It is the cause of constipation. Therefore, the food of the elderly should be soft, easy to chew, maybe chopped or blended to small pieces. Including modifying the cooking method to be steamed, stewed, or soft boiled.
Focus on eating fruits and vegetables that are easy to eat and not too sweet. To help the elderly get enough vitamins and fiber. Protein should be easy to digest, such as meat, fish, egg white, or milk. Avoid cooking spicy foods, reduce sweet and salty foods, and drink at least 1-1.5 liters of adequate clean water per day. Cut down on alcohol and sweetened beverages. Avoid tea, coffee in the afternoon or evening. Because it will make it harder to sleep.
- Prepare the house to suit the elderly.
Preparing the house for the elderly is a necessity that should not be overlooked. The house should not have a floor at different levels to prevent tripping and falling. The bathroom floor is not slippery and the wet and dry parts should be separated. Install handrails in bathrooms and in areas that the elderly frequently use. They should also take care to provide adequate lighting. Plugs and switches should be at a level that the elderly can easily reach especially in the bedroom.
- Providing good hygiene
Reduce and quit things that are harmful to your health, such as smoking, drinking, risky behaviors, accidents, or falls. Take care of the underlying disease as recommended by your doctor and see the doctor on regular appointments. For those who are physically fit, they should have health examinations and screening for age-related diseases. Of the elderly, such as dementia, depression, osteoporosis, visual impairment or hearing impairment, or malnutrition annually.
- Take care of the excretion.
The elderly should keep observing the bowel movements that they have problems with constipation or frequent diarrhea or does the stool have blood? You should not be embarrassed to tell your caregiver or a close person to urinate problems, as these symptoms may be a warning sign of certain diseases. Which may be able to fix and the elderly will return to their quality of life again.
- Do not neglect drugs and seeing a doctor.
Caregivers should make medicines easy to take and pay attention to the elderly to take the medication exactly as the doctor recommends, Do not stop the medication yourself and see a doctor on a strict schedule. Should remember the medication that the elderly can take and inform all doctors a list of drugs. At every hospital to meet to prevent double dispensing or drugs that act together. In addition, when found that the elderly have symptoms such as fever, breathlessness, vomiting, or diarrhea If symptoms do not improve within 1-2 days, the elderly should be brought to the hospital immediately. You should not buy your own medication.
- Prepare a walking aid
Should use a balance aid as recommended by your doctor. The device should be sized for each elderly person. Choose soft shoes, fit your feet, heel, or have an ankle strap that does not come off easily And the shoe sole has a good grip and does not slippery. Don’t be embarrassed to need a balance aid if you’re going outside or on a long walk. Because it will reduce accidents and is an assistant to the elderly to go out and live on their own not becoming Bed-bound patients.
- Have a relaxed and good environment.
Stress, anxiety, and negative thoughts are toxins that interfere with brain cells. The elderly and their caregivers should try to find ways to relax their minds. Choose your favorite vacation, such as traveling, reading, listening to music, dancing, or pursuing a hobby. Provide a calm, clean, ventilated environment Not too loud and should be exposed to the sun at least once a day, caregivers and their families should always observe the symptoms of depression of the elderly. When symptoms are so severe that they affect eating, sleeping, thinking, or remembering, or daily routine, Should immediately bring to consult a doctor.
- Give the elderly to exercise often.
Exercise helps to strengthen all organs in the body, from the heart, lungs, excretory system, bones, and muscles, including the brain, but many elderly people are afraid to exercise because of fear of falling or fear that there will be no strength in exercise. Therefore, caregivers play an important role in enhancing the exercise of the elderly. This starts with providing exercise activities that are safe, suitable for your physical condition, and provide assistance, such as helping you to move, exercise light, take a walk, or move your arms slowly. Help stretch loosens the muscles. Every day at least 10-20 minutes a day and gradually increase the intensity and duration of more.
If the elderly are still healthy All 3 forms of exercise should be exercised:
- Cardio (brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, light aerobics)
- Weight training to increase muscle strength
- Stretching and training. Stays to enable fluency. Additional as appropriate, at least 30 minutes at a time, 3-5 days a week.
- Giving warmth and encouragement to the elderly
Encouragement and love in the family are very important to the elderly. If living in the same house, activities should be shared Not separating the elderly to live an “old man” life in isolation. Regularly taking opportunities to take their children to visit the elderly who are alone. Take you to do activities that many people ages can do it together. It is important to pay attention to “listen” to you with dignity. Because the elderly still want to feel accepted And feel that they are still valuable in the eyes of the family.
Although the elderly used to be strong But when the body deteriorates, it is a person who needs careful care and hygiene. For good health both physically and mentally without overlooking regular medical appointments and pay attention to the annual health check because getting sick is something that no one wants to happen. Therefore, prevention is always better than cure.
- The elderly who are still healthy Should complete all 3 forms of exercise: cardio (brisk walking, jogging, swimming, cycling, light aerobics), weight training, strengthening your muscles, and stretching the muscles and balance training to enable fluent movement.
- Fruits and vegetables that are easy to eat and not too sweet It will help the elderly get enough vitamins and fiber.
- If the elderly have symptoms such as fever, asthenia, lethargy, vomiting, or diarrhea. If symptoms do not improve within 1-2 days, the elderly should urgently come to the hospital. You should not buy your own medication.