Bone and joint diseases to be aware of in the elderly

Bone and joint diseases to be aware of in the elderly
Bone and joint diseases to be aware of in the elderly

As you get older Degeneration of the body will take place is normal. Orthopedic problems in the elderly are often a big problem that the elderly need to be very careful with. In this article, I will talk about bone disease in the elderly. To learn, to take care of, and prevent these diseases.

Hip dysplasia
Despite the low incidence But if it happens, there will be no less severe pain than other diseases. Caused by the blockage of the blood vessels that feed the head of the hip bone. The head of the hip bone gradually deteriorates.

The skin of the hip joint will be lost. Until eventually the head of the hip bone will collapse Making it impossible to move normally and have severe pain. Related causes of hip dysplasia include alcohol consumption or taking drugs in the steroid group regularly or after an accident resulting in dislocation of the hip from the socket, etc.

Degenerative spinal disease
Degenerative spine It is the number 1 disease that occurs. Whether the spine is collapsed Herniated disc, loose bones. There is a thick ligament capture that overrides a small spinal nerve or joint. Degeneration of the spine and causing stenosis of the spinal canal It squeezes or compresses the nerve that will control the leg most of the time. This results in back pain, leg pain, and numbness. Some people walk not far, about 10-20 meters then have to sit and rest. Causing the patient suffering and difficulty in their daily life.

Osteoarthritis
Is the second most common disease. Caused by the deterioration of the cartilage of the joints, making it impossible to support and there is a loss of water nourishment properties of the knee. When there is a movement of the knee Thus causing friction and wear resulting in a loud noise in the verse Knee joint pain occurs, the older you get, the more pain. One of the risk factors for faster osteoarthritis is excessive weight.

Osteoporosis
It is a disease in which bone density is reduced bone structure. When you get older, The body has a slower bone-building process than the breakdown process. Especially, Women in menopause, have rapid bone deterioration and 2-3 times greater than men due to lack of estrogen, which inhibits bone breakdown. Thus making bones fragile easily broken or deflated. Frequent fractures include the spine, hip, wrist, and upper arm and pelvis.

Osteoporosis is a chronic disease that has no immediate symptoms. So slowly and tends to increase violence affecting the quality of life of the elderly. Therefore, bone density should be increased to a high level for patients with osteoporosis. Including reducing the risk of getting osteoporosis early by adjusting the eating habits properly and appropriately, eat foods that are high in calcium. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a calcium supplement.

Characteristics of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is a disease in which bone mass decreases. Often occurs in women who are postmenopausal or men over 65 years of age due to an imbalance in the rate of bone formation and destruction. Usually, the human body is constantly building and breaking bones and in balance. But some conditions can result in abnormal bone formation and destruction, such as in people who have gone through menopause. Female hormones decreased. Resulting in more bone destruction and less build-up, Therefore, the overall bone mass decreases and eventually becomes osteoporosis.

Complications of osteoporosis

  • The bones lose their strength. Easy fracture.
  • Movement has decreased, Difficult to help yourself.
  • Hunchback or Arched back.
  • Infection in the bloodstream.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Bladder infection.
  • Toxic Blood.
  • Can’t walk / disabled
  • Bedsore (in the case of bed-bound patients).

Hip fracture from osteoporosis It is a very dangerous condition and even died. Fractures, if they occur in the elderly, are difficult to treat. Because broken bones in the elderly will connect slowly. There are quite a few complications. Some may be fatal. Especially those who have complications with hip fracture May cause subsequent disability or death within 1-2 years.

Self-observation of the tendency to get osteoporosis.

  • Measure your height, if found to be more than 4 centimeters shorter than when in the youth or adulthood, you should see a doctor.
  • Review yourself whether or not you have easily broken bones before. Are there easy fractures in the family? If so, you should see a doctor for a thorough examination.

Osteoporosis risk factors

  • Alcohol / Smoking
  • Long-term use of steroid drugs for more than 3 months.

Diseases that occur in patients with neck or back pain.
Caused by improper behavior, such as lying on a reclining chair or sofa bed Sleep on high pillows and watch TV, or sitting in the same position for a long time without modifying the noble. This will result in symptoms starting with neck pain and difficulty moving the neck. These symptoms are warning signs that the cervical disc has started to deteriorate, and if left too much, the arm pain can be painful or may also have numbness. It is a disease that is very frustrating and annoying in our daily life. If you do not want to have neck pain or back pain problems, you should change your behavior immediately.

Guidelines for the treatment of orthopedic diseases in the elderly
The treatment of various orthopedic diseases in the elderly is a treatment to reduce pain in order to enable the patient to lead a normal daily life. Starting from taking drugs, injections, and physical therapy but if the symptoms do not get better or the pain persists for more than 3-6 months, the doctor may consider surgical treatment.

Currently, there are many methods of surgical technology available according to individual patient indications, for example, surgical treatment of patients with chronic back pain able to expand the spinal canal caused by the thickening of the spinal ligament and degenerative intervertebral discs and extending into the spinal canal make the spinal canal spinal nerve opening and replaced with a similar substance Bone or use your own bone to support the intervertebral disc to make it wider and makes the spinal canal larger then the spinal nerve is not pressed and not pinched.

Most of them had to be reinforced with metal, fixed to the spine, and then with a metal rod for additional support. To help support that part to be more strong Make that back pain go away Helps to improve the quality of life of the elderly and not be a burden to the children.

How to go into aging with quality of life and happiness?
Treatment is the solution to the problem in the end. If still not adjusting the daily habits of life, there is a chance to come back again or future treatment results may not be as good as they should. Therefore, to prevent the body from illness and have a good quality of life.

The doctor has these recommendations:

  • Eat a complete diet of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals including water, which must be eaten properly.
  • Avoid foods that are too sweet and salty.
  • Choose foods that are high in calcium. Drink milk to get calcium If anyone who is allergic to or doesn’t like cow’s milk, they can drink soy milk or tofu instead.
  • Eat foods that are easy to digest, high in fiber, and rich in vitamins and minerals such as fish, nuts, vegetables, and fruits.
  • Reduce and give up alcohol including refraining from smoking.
  • Exercise moderately and regularly How to exercise suitable for older people is walking, exercising for 1-2 hours a day.
  • Exercise in a weight-bearing position such as jumping rope, running, walking
  • Avoid using steroid drugs for a long time.

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