Cold weather may be something that many people like and want to have for a long time because cold weather makes you feel cool and no sweat to get sticky. But not always the cold is always good. Because this type of weather can be harmful to health as well. The potential effects range from mild to dry skin to serious symptoms that can be life-threatening. So before going out to face the cold regardless of the season or travel to different areas, it is important to study the effects and figure out how to deal with the cold first.
Cold weather, Elderly, Health, Headaches, Body temperature
Cold weather can cause changes in body temperature. Until various malfunctions may occur. Especially in children, the elderly, pregnant women, people with long-term health problems such as heart disease. Have mental health problems, Low-income earners cannot afford clothing or appliances to help prevent cold weather or have a physical impairment that may be more vulnerable to being affected by cold weather than the general public.
There are many effects and symptoms that may arise from cold weather such as:
- Headaches, changing weather conditions can alter chemicals and electrical waves in the brain. It may affect nerves and cause headaches or trigger migraine headaches. In addition, direct exposure to cold air or inhalation brings cold air into the body. It can also cause a headache similar to how quickly ice cream is eaten.
- Tears or runny nose, The eyes are organs that need constant hydration. But cool, dry weather can irritate the eyes. The body produces more fluid in the eye area to maintain moisture. As a result, some fluid may flow into tears. Besides the eyes, This type of air can also cause the body to adjust to increasing moisture in the nasal cavity and when there is too much fluid in the nasal cavity, it can lead to a runny nose.
- Dry skin is a common occurrence in winter. Because the cold air that touches the skin will also absorb moisture from the skin. Until it may feel that there is dry skin on the face, hands, or feet. Some people may have itchy, cracked skin, inflamed skin, or may cause some skin diseases such as skin allergy symptoms are more severe.
- Lack of breath, Cold and dry air can make the lungs and bronchi become more sensitive to stimuli or can cause lung irritation, especially those with asthma or bronchitis. From time to time it may be felt that breathing brought cold air into the lungs causing coughing. Shortness of breath, lack of breath, or wheezing from bronchospasm. In addition, if there is a sudden lack of fullness or other symptoms associated with nausea, chest pain, or other symptoms that are similar It can be a sign of heart disease. Therefore, you should see your doctor immediately if you experience such symptoms.
- Your fingers or toes are inflamed and itchy from cold weather. It occurs when the small blood vessels under the skin are inflamed from exposure to cold, approximately 16 ° C or lower. This causes swelling, redness, itching, or marks if severe symptoms can cause ulcers. The symptoms usually occur on the fingers, toes, ears, or cheeks. Typically, symptoms disappear within 1-3 weeks, but if exposed to cold air again. Redness and itching may return.
- Hives from exposure to cold It is a symptom that occurs when the skin is exposed to cold. Which will cause the skin to be red, cracked, bulge, a swollen and itch-like rash with hives. Hand blistering may occur if the cold water bottle is touched or the mouth and throat may have swelling after eating very cold. Also, swimming in cold water can exacerbate symptoms. This condition usually occurs in adolescence and will gradually disappear as we get older.
- Chills are a reaction in which the body tries to keep its temperature from going down, even for a short time. Where many small muscles contract to generate heat Which chills may improve metabolism within the body. But when in a cool place with tremors Should find a way to warm the body up. Because if allowed the body to cool down, it can cause harm.
- If your feet are exposed to cold air for too long, Can cause foot sores. Which the symptoms will block the circulation of blood, nutrients, and oxygen around the feet. It can lead to symptoms such as leg cramps, pain, swelling, redness, tingling, blisters, foot ulcers, or may cause the tissue to begin to die until the feet become gray or purple, etc. If the feet are wet, may cause this symptom only at 15 degrees Celsius.
- Extreme Cold Body is a condition in which the body temperature drops below 35 degrees Celsius, which may be caused by exposure to cold weather or exposure to cold water. In general, initially, there may be shaking, hunger, confusion, nausea, trouble moving and speaking, or rapid heartbeat. But after that, the tremors may stop and may have symptoms such as slurred speech, mumbling, feeling sleepy Not interested in the surroundings Slow and shallow breathing, weak pulse, etc. If not treated for hypothermia quickly It can cause death for those who are faced with this condition.
- The skin is damaged by the cold. It usually occurs on fingers, toes, or other facial organs such as ears, nose, cheeks, or chin. And when such symptoms occur, it may lead to blisters in the affected area. In the skin and tissues, there is no sensation or discoloration. Including may be difficult to use that organ. If severe cold skin damage This may cause the skin to turn black or may need to be removed.
- Heart disease when in cold weather The heart may have to work harder to make the body stay warm. This causes increased heart rate and blood pressure. Cold air can also narrow the arteries, increasing the risk of heart disease. By those who do not exercise or have problems with the heart before May increase the risk of this disease even more.
- Depression due to seasonal changes People with this condition may have symptoms like those with general depression. But there will be sick from time to time, which often occurs in winter. And symptoms will improve when entering the summer. But some patients may also show symptoms later in the summer. The cause of seasonal depression is not yet known. But it is expected that shorter daytime periods in winter may expose the body to less sunlight. It may affect various systems within the body and cause this condition.
In addition, some viruses can be highly contagious and are more common during cold weather, such as the influenza virus. RSV virus Or rotavirus, etc. It may make it easier for people in cold weather to get sick. And one study also indicated The immune system in the body may not protect against viruses well in cold weather. Plus, colder weather can make people spend more time indoors or closer together. It may increase the risk of various infections as well.
How to take care of yourself and protect yourself from cold weather.
Cold weather can cause many different effects on the body. Therefore, you should take proper care of your body to prevent the occurrence of adverse health effects You may do the following:
- Apply cream to add moisture to the skin.
- Should not sit still for too long in cold weather when outside the building.
- Try to move the body or exercise moderately to help keep the body warm.
- Wear protective clothing and keep you warm, such as layered clothing. Wear a sweater, goggles, scarf, hat, gloves, waterproof socks or boots, etc.
- Drink warm water or eat certain foods Such as chocolate, oatmeal, pumpkin soup, ginger juice, or spicy food.
- If you are 65 years of age or over, people with lung disease, heart disease, or physical impairment Should not go out on a cold day and should make the temperature in the house above 18 degrees Celsius.
- Close the doors and windows. To prevent cold wind
- Use a hot water bottle or electric blanket to help warm the bed. But they shouldn’t be used at the same time.
- Get vaccinated against influenza at the hospital.
When you know that Cold weather can be the cause of many medical conditions. Some symptoms can be fatal as well, so if abnormalities occur within the body. Especially after being exposed to cold weather Should see a doctor for proper treatment.