Depression in the elderly (Part 1)

Depression in the elderly (Part 1)

Definition of depression:
Depression is a mood disorder in which the patient may feel sad, hopeless, and unable to help themself or feel that they are inferior. Even though these feelings and emotions can happen to everyone from time to time. But the symptoms of depression are much more severe and prolonged, and even affect a person’s life.

Depression can happen to people of all sexes and ages. But most often they start in their 20-30s. Most mood disorders develop in adolescence with high stress and anxiety. So even more worries during adolescence, The greater the risk of developing depression in adulthood. According to statistics around the world, there are about 350 million people with depression, about 2-10 percent prevalence, and more in females than males.

Depression can be divided into two broad categories: Severe depression and chronic depression, For now, the chronic type is briefly discussed below. The entire article will focus on severe depression.

  • Major Depression is a depressive symptom that affects life, work, or study. Including severe sleep and eating
  • Chronic depression (Persistent Depressive Disorder), although the symptoms and severity of symptoms are less. But this type of depression lasts much longer with patients. For at least 2 years or more. People with chronic depression may also have periods of severe depression.

Symptoms of depression
The symptoms of depression in each patient vary according to the severity of the disease, sex, or age. They may include depressed mood, anxiety, feelings of worthlessness, loneliness, hopelessness, irritability. Which these emotions are violent and persist for longer than usual It can also affect the body to feel tired all the time. Pain in the body. Difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much. Or behaving in isolation from society, being unable to concentrate, unable to work, losing interest in things that were previously enjoyed, to thinking of suicide or hurting yourself.

Causes of depression
Depression can be caused by a number of reasons and a combination of factors that develop into depression, including abnormal brain function and unbalanced levels of chemicals, Former patient traits contributing to the coping of depression. Stressful life events and severe psychological trauma, This includes morbidity and drug use followed by complications or side effects of depression.

Diagnosis of depression
Doctors often make an initial diagnosis by discussing symptoms, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of the patient that they are considered depression or not. What is the severity of the symptoms? Using a set of standardized questions. Then if the patient has symptoms, The doctor will perform a physical exam, such as a blood or urine test. This ensures that the suspected depression is not caused by any other disease, since the treatment at the underlying disease is the direct treatment of the depression. And consider the appropriate treatment method in the next step.

Depression treatment
There are three main treatments for depression today: Antidepressants, Psychotherapy, and Brain Stimulation Therapies. In most cases, antidepressants and talking therapy are used by the patient. In the case of very severe symptoms Behavior of hurting, self-directed, or suicidal behavior, Therefore, brain and nerve cell stimulation will be chosen for timely treatment. The doctor also has to consider which drugs to use. Talk therapy and what form of brain cell stimulation are most safe and suitable for that patient.

Complications of depression
A poor mental state can have many effects. Both physical, behavioral, and ultimately lead to other complications, causing the patient to have a physical disorder. Such as pain in different parts, abnormal menstrual cycle, have sex problems, sleep problems, unusual eating habits, overweight, and can eventually lead to diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.

Depression prevention
There is no definite prevention method. Because the cause may be caused by certain diseases such as disorders in the brain. Illness or the use of drugs that cause depression complications, Considered to be a factor that is beyond control. Rather, creating healthy habits through food choices and exercise. Maintaining a clear mood by engaging in activities for fun and relaxation. This can be part of helping reduce the risk of depression.

Depression in the elderly Part 2: Symptoms of depression

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