Depression in the elderly Part 3: Causes of depression

Depression in the elderly Part 3: Causes of depression

Causes of depression
Depression has a complex and diverse birth factor. The causes of depression in each patient can vary as follows:

Brain activity
Depression can be caused by abnormal brain function. Due to the neurotransmitters in the brain that are not balanced with too much or too little quantity. The causes of depression are more complex than those of brain chemicals. Assuming that this is a connection between neuron growth and the function of the nervous circuit that affects the occurrence of depression as well. Besides, other factors such as genetics, personality traits, stressful events or illnesses, etc.

Heredity
Heredity that controls different parts of the body and brain. Depression may be transmitted from one generation to another. An unusual function of genetics Thus changing the biology of the body Which eventually leads to emotional instability or progress to depression. However, having an ancestor already suffering from depression It is not always necessary to make the offspring suffer from depression. Must be combined with other factors.

Personality and character
Another important and risk factor for depression is personality traits. Psychologists point out that attitudes and views of the world can influence our feelings. Therefore, it is possible for those with low self-confidence, easy to get anxious, love perfection, sensitive to criticism and likes to blame yourself are more prone to depression.

Stressful events in life
Because of the individual’s ability to cope with problems and losses that are not the same. Depression in many cases arises from being exposed to stressful life events or under extreme conditions Such as the sadness of the loss of a loved one, unemployment, relationship problems, facing violence or being sexually harassed or even a good event like starting a new job, graduation, marriage can also be stressful and can lead to depression. Especially if there is also a genetic risk that determines the trait that is susceptible to the effects of stress, hopelessness, and loss of grief, it is even more prone to developing depression.

Illness
Severe and chronic disease can lead to complications such as depression. A disease known to affect depression is thyroid hormone deficiency (Hypothyroidism). Which the patient will have an excessively low level of thyroid hormones until getting tired and going into depression. In addition, more than half of the heart patients who have had heart disease say they have experienced depression. It will result in the patient to slow recovery. Have future cardiovascular problems and at a high risk of death within 6 months and there are still many chronic disease patients at risk for depression such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s, Cerebrovascular disease, SLE, AIDS, Cancer, Diabetes, etc.

The use of certain medications
Side effects from certain drugs can also cause depression, such as steroid drugs. Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines, Isotretinoin acne medication. Pain reliever link morphine, Some antiviral drugs, These all increase the risk of depression. Therefore, if symptoms of depression after taking any medication, the patient must tell the doctor to consider replacing a new medication or reducing the dosage to eliminate the side effects that cause depression.

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