Eye diseases are common in the elderly.

Eye diseases are common in the elderly.

As we get older, the organs in our body that we have used for decades are normally deteriorating, and “eyes” are one of the organs that often experience many forms of abnormalities. Today I will talk about 5 eye diseases that the elderly should not be overlooked. Because of some eye diseases If left untreated, it can be fatal and even blind.

Degeneration of the body with age can happen to everyone and is irreversible. Be knowledgeable and understandable from the start. It is important to a good quality of life and a bright outlook in the growing old age. Many eye diseases can not tell. Abnormal in the first stage only a thorough eye exam is needed to know.

Did you know?
Intraocular pressure refers to the pressure of the fluid in the eye. It is useful in helping the eyeball to maintain its shape. Eye pressure is a value that arises from the balance between the intraocular fluid production and the anterior anterior anterior aneurysm. When a blockage occurs, the water circulation is inconvenient, causing the eye pressure to rise, which is generally known by measuring the pressure in the eyeball with only tools.

Eye disease is difficult to spot.
Observing anomalies by yourself is good, but in some cases, due to the nature of the disease, many eye diseases cannot detect abnormalities in the early stages and only need a thorough eye examination to know. The ophthalmologist recommends that People aged 40 and over should have at least one ophthalmic screening to assess the presence of risk factors. The frequency of the examinations depends on the individual’s risk factors. In case of abnormal vision loss, see an ophthalmologist for diagnosis immediately.

Dry eyes
When you get older There can be many factors. As a result of “dry eye condition”. Whether there is a blocked sebaceous gland, changing of hormones level, or having certain medical conditions such as thyroid disease, arthritis, or the use of certain drugs. This results in inadequate eye lubrication function that does not provide moisture to the eyes, it’s makes eye irritation and stinging, If left untreated will cause the eyelids to pull the eyelashes down and prick the eyes eyelid inflammation and the cornea can become ulcerated.


Symptom: Discomfort in the eyes like there is a foreign object in the eye. Eye irritation or watery eyes. The tears that flow are simply due to being stimulated by dry eyes to produce tears to reduce irritation. But it doesn’t make the eyes hydrated as we all know. If left untreated will cause the eyelids to pull the eyelashes down and prick the eyes, eyelid inflammation, and the cornea can become ulcerated.

Pinguecula
Pinguecula is another eye disease that is caused by the degeneration of the conjunctiva. It looks like a small, convex, white, or yellow lump on the conjunctiva. It is found more often than the inner corner of the eye. Which, if not protected, may spread into a tissue covering the cornea area Also known as “pterygium”.


Symptom: In the early stages there are usually no symptoms. But when the Pinguecula is more inflamed, it will cause eye irritation, itchy eyes, can be treated with eye drops. Together with preventing sun exposure and wind by wearing sunglasses.

Glaucoma
Although it is a less common eye disease than Pinguecula. But it is another silent threat that can lead to permanent vision loss. Glaucoma is caused by increased intraocular pressure and damage to the optic nerve. It may occur in people with a family history of glaucoma or people with very nearsightedness, have diabetes, or have had an eye accident before.


Symptom: Usually there are no symptoms at first. But when began to lose sight vision gradually narrows from the side to the middle and eventually lost sight. However, there are still some types of glaucoma that are very painful. See the rainbow around the lights or have symptoms of red-eye.

Age-related macular degeneration – AMD
This is a condition in which the image receiving point in the center of the retina has deteriorated, Blur at the center of the image but the surrounding area can still be seen normally. This can be caused by aging with aging, UV light, smoking, or having high blood pressure.


Symptom: In the early stages there may be no symptoms. But when the retina begins to deteriorate even more patients will have blurred vision, See distorted picture, Saw a black point in the middle of the picture, and loss of vision in the center of the image Most of them do not have pain.

Cataract
When people get older Eyes that have been used for decades will deteriorate. For example, natural lenses that have been exposed to light for a long time will become opaque to turn yellow, tea-colored, or turn white. Which is the origin of cataract. Elderly people aged 50 years and over should be careful. Even those who are not very old but have a parent with cataract eyes have a higher risk.


Symptoms: Because the lens of the eye is more cloudy. Make the image look like fog Or there is white smoke blocking the eyes; focusing is not as good as before In some cataract patients, photosensitivity reactions may occur and if the cataract is very dark will cover the eyeball until the loss of sight.

Guidelines for taking good eye health.

  • Wear sunglasses regularly when out in the sun or when you need to use your eyesight in a lot of light to prevent pterygium, cataract, visual degeneration.
  • Wear standard anti-impact goggles. For the workers at risk, such as welders, carpenters, sportspeople.
  • Regular eye examinations by an ophthalmologist. People aged 40 years and over should have an eye exam once a year, in those who are at risk for specific eye diseases such as diabetes or have a family history of eye diseases such as glaucoma, need frequent eye examinations up to the doctor’s appointment.
  • Eat nutritious foods that help maintain eyes regularly, including those that contain anti-oxidants such as dietary supplements and vitamins, such as vitamins C, E, beta carotene, zinc, bioflavonoids, Lutein and Zeaxanthin, found in green leafy vegetables. It helps prevent macular degeneration, cataract. Omega-3 fatty acids help heal dry eyes. It is found in some marine fish such as salmons, mackerel, etc.

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