Generally, Older adults often have physical and mental health problems. Due to the deterioration of aging. Therefore need to be supervised closely both in terms of health problems and the environment surrounding the elderly because all of these things affect the quality of life. Family people play an important role in caring for the elderly. Therefore need to understand the problem In order to properly and properly care for the health and environment of the elderly as will be discussed further.
Why is taking care of the elderly so important?
When getting older, Many older people often feel tired easily and move more slowly. Some people may feel tired and have more difficulty doing everyday activities. These symptoms are classified as a health problem called frailty. Older people who experience this condition will feel weak, tired, without energy, as well as losing weight. Family members may notice whether their elders have symptoms of frailty in the elderly as a result of the following symptoms, if 3 or more symptoms are present, it may mean that the elderly are experiencing it.
- Slimmer with a weight loss of 5 kg or more.
- With symptoms of fatigue Often unable to stand on their own or have no strength to hold things.
- Feeling tired very easily By not being able to do things
- Deteriorating performance in activities such as exercise, household chores, or other activities that were previously enjoyed but were unable to do so.
- Walking more slowly by walking at a distance of 5 meters rather than 6-7 seconds.
It can be seen that the symptoms of the fragile condition in the elderly affect their daily life. Makes going out of bed or going to the bathroom difficult. It may also fall easily. This condition can be caused by a change in bodily functions. People with physical health problems change and make the condition worse quickly. Elderly people who are prone to depression. Often have a chance of infection as well as being difficult to recover from various illnesses or injuries, family members should take good care of their elders and in accordance with the principles of elderly care.
How can I take care of the elderly?
Caring for the elderly is accomplished with an emphasis on the health and environment of the elderly. To improve the quality of life for the better caring for the elderly is divided into 2 main parts: how to care for the elderly and how to provide an environment for the elderly
How to take care of elderly health: The body functions deteriorate with increasing age. Elderly people need special care. By taking care of the elderly’s health, consisting of organ care and handling of visits and treatment of health problems from trusted hospitals as follows:
Oral health care
- Keep sipping water frequently, eating candy, or chewing non-sugar gum. Or eat small ice cubes frequently to prevent dry mouth.
- Always spit out after brushing your teeth without having to rinse with mouthwash as soon as you finish brushing your teeth because mouthwash may clear the fluoride effect of toothpaste.
- Take care not to drink too much alcohol. Including to refrain from smoking due to the risk of oral cancer and some more cancers.
- Should reduce the amount of food and drinks that contain sugar. Also, avoid eating these foods before going to bed.
- Care for the elderly to brush their teeth at least twice a day using a toothpaste that contains fluoride to prevent tooth decay.
Eye and ear care
- Elderly people should wear sunglasses when exposed to the strong sunlight to protect their eyesight.
- Arrange fruits and vegetables in each meal for the elderly to eat properly and sufficiently.
- Caregiver should take the elderly to have an eye exam or eye exam to make suitable eyeglasses including whether the risk of eye health problems or not, or further treatment in case of abnormal eyes.
- Should not allow the elderly to smoke. Also, do not smoke near the elderly. This will increase the risk of macular degeneration or even cataracts.
- Take care of hearing examinations. Hearing loss is a health problem among the elderly. Which often gradually happens without knowing. Hearing loss can affect our lifestyle. Make it sound effective to listen to or follow the advice that is important to live. Which caused other problems to come after that. Family members should bring the elderly to have a hearing exam. This will help diagnose the cause of the hearing loss and receive treatment correctly and timely.
- Avoid using shoes made from plastic. Because the material is not flexible and does not ventilate.
- Wash your feet thoroughly every day to prevent various infections due to the dirt on the skin. May cause irritation and infection, should dry the feet and between the toes to prevent foot disease.
- Apply foot cream To reduce the roughness of the skin by choosing to use a foot cream specifically.
- Always keep your feet warm which may let the elderly wear socks when sleeping.
- Avoid wearing shoes that are too tight. Because it may not cause the blood to flow to the feet or cause foot cramps.
- Choose shoes made from soft or stretchy leather material. To allow ventilation.
- Always keep your toenails short. To help you walk easily.
- When cutting nails, cut toenails straight, not at an angle. This may cause the nails to be implanted in the feet.
Take care of mental health
- If possible, teach to use the Internet. To allow the elderly to do new activities in their free time that does not go out.
- Always invite the elderly to talk regularly or talk on the phone in case of not meeting.
- Participate in activities of associations or communities to engage in more activities and interact with others.
- Plan to do activities with the elderly on a regular basis.
Stimulates body movement
- Encourage the elderly to do more physical activity approximately 30 minutes each time, choosing appropriate activities such as walking faster, going up and downstairs, swimming, etc.
- Take the elderly to exercise regularly to reduce the incidence of serious diseases such as osteoporosis, diabetes, high blood pressure, or cardiovascular disease including enhancing sleep, mood, and memory.
- Invite the elderly to the garden. Do other rhythmic activities or activities that encourage walking and jumping.
- Practice simple exercises by using a chair.
Take care of the brain
- Avoid drinking alcohol. Don’t drink too much.
- Provide good nutritious food to eat.
- Maintain body weight within the standard.
- Invite the elderly to exercise regularly.
- Take care of blood pressure to be in a normal range.
- Provide adequate sleep for the elderly.
- Always talk or take the elderly to travel To create relaxation.
- Experiment with the elderly to do new activities as appropriate.
Take care of urination and excretory health problems
- Reduce the consumption of tea, coffee, cola, or caffeine-containing beverages.
- Check to see if your current medication affects diuretic or not.
- Take care to drink enough water This is because urinary symptoms can be aggravated by drinking less water.
- Manage vaccination The elderly should be vaccinated. As the immune system deteriorates as we age. People aged 65 years and over receive a flu vaccine and pneumococcal vaccine. In addition, elderly care should be taken to take medicines for various diseases. In case of illness or other underlying diseases, elderly people should be supervised to take strictly according to the doctor’s instructions. Should not stop the drug by yourself. If you are afraid of side effects, May seek medical advice as appropriate.
How to provide an environment for the elderly? The environment is another important factor affecting the quality of life of the elderly. A good environment inevitably contributes to safety and good health for the residents. Methods for providing an environment for the elderly should follow:
- Keep your home safe.
- Install lamps that turn on automatically at night, So that the elderly can see the way at night and convenient to go to the bathroom or up and down the stairs.
- Keep the wires neat Also check for any faults in the sockets and wires regularly. If found to be damaged should change a new device.
- May require the elderly to wear shoes for walking inside the house. Should not wear socks or walk barefoot.
- Install smoke detectors in hallways, living rooms, and kitchens; people with boilers or gas stoves should install smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. Including regular testing of these devices or at least once a month.
- Clothes that the elderly wear should be tight. To prevent stumbling and falling.
- Set up a sound or burglar alarm in case the elderly have to be alone often.
- Choose materials for flooring in the bathroom that are not easy to slip and a handrail should be made, To help the elderly to walk more easily and not fall.
- Keep things organized, not left in hallways or stairs.
- Prevent accidental falls.
Take care of the overall health of the elderly closely.
- Install lamps along the corridor in order to see the time walking out at night.
- Bringing the elderly to get vaccinated against the disease and arrange drugs to treat various health problems strictly as recommended by doctors.
- Take them to have an annual health check and check their vision and hearing.
- Keep the house in order to increase the safety of the elderly.
- Always check the stairs. Including inside and around the house.
Organize good nutrition
- Ensuring that the elderly drink water during the day.
- Provide foods with high protein to eat in the right proportions. To strengthen the muscles.
- Care should be taken that the elderly get adequate vitamin D, such as sunlight, take supplements. To make the muscles work efficiently.
- Eat fruits and vegetables By selecting fresh, clean vegetables and fruits.
- Try eating high-energy drinks such as milk, milkshakes, or smoothies. To prevent weight loss.
Problems and methods of caring for the elderly
Caring for the elderly consists of learning and understanding how to take care of it properly. They must pay attention to health care and provide a suitable environment for the elderly. In addition to taking care of the elderly, there are important problems that people in the family must know about.
The elderly do not allow members of the home to take care of themselves. Due to loss of privacy and having to adjust their lifestyle Some older people are more self-centered and fearful that they will become vulnerable to allow family members to take care of them. Or worrying about the additional costs of self-care. More importantly, forgetful seniors often don’t understand the reasons why they need to be cared for. These causes are all problems. Family members should understand and learn how to cope properly:
- Consider what kind of support the elderly may need Including finding a suitable way to take care.
- Elderly people should be involved in decision-making for self-care, such as choosing a family member who needs particular care or chooses to use the elderly care service in case family members do not have time to take care of all matters by themselves, however, the reasons and consequences should be explained to the elderly before deciding on the care method.
- All family members should help convince the elderly to listen and understand why they need care.
- Should find a suitable time to talk with the elderly. Choose a time when both parties are relaxed and ready to talk. This will help to open up and understand each other even more.
- Should not encourage or force the elderly to listen to various reasons, should find appropriate opportunities to talk again later instead.