The elderly are easily prone to health problems. Especially broken bones Because the bones are easily brittle and cannot resist impact. This makes them more prone to serious bone injuries than young people. With thicker and stronger bone mass. The areas where the elderly are prone to fracture include the hips, thighs, pelvis, spine, arms, hands, feet, and ankles.
Why do older people get broken bones?
Fractures in the elderly are often caused by falls. It is also the main cause of injury to the elderly. The factors that cause the elderly to be at risk of falling and fracture are divided into 2 types as follows:
- insufficient sleep state and sleep apnea
- urinary incontinence
- problems with hearing
- Taking certain drugs that cause drowsiness.
- Diseases of the nervous system, such as herniated bones
- Joint and muscle health problems such as arthritis
- Diseases that affect balance such as Parkinson’s disease
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Having a BMI above the standard
- Eye health problems such as cataracts or nearsightedness
- Sit in a chair that is damaged until it collapses.
- The lighting in the corridors is not bright enough. Making the elderly look unclear.
- The floor or board is slippery and not strong. Makes it easy to fall.
- Place things in a mess, Causing the elderly to stumble and fall.
How should I take care of the elderly with fractures?
Elderly people with broken bones need to be treated with a doctor. To make the bone move back and stay in the same position until it heals. The doctor will consider different methods of treatment, including wearing a splint, using a device to support the organs from moving. Use a weighted pull To relieve pain and move the bone to the desired alignment or surgery.
In addition, close people and family members should take care of the elderly after treatment. The method of care depends on the injured area as follows.
- Be careful not to let the elderly bow down to collect things.
- Should support the elderly to get up and take out for a walk outside. Should not sit for more than 45 minutes.
- Sit in a chair with armrests as well as adjust the height of the chair to fit. Keep your knees higher than hip level while sitting down.
- If there is a wound on the stomach or any area of surgery, should be careful not to let the elderly sleep over such a wound.
- An elderly person should sit and place their feet flat on their feet. Turn the toes slightly apart. Including being careful not to sit cross-legged.
- Added a higher toilet seat for older people to use when going to the toilet.
- Choose a bed that is not too soft. Or it may add about 1-inch thick plywood under the mattress.
- Use a pillow under the leg at the knee level when lying on your back. And vice under the stomach around the waist when lying on the stomach To reduce the pressure on the back Including if the elderly sleep on their side May inserts a pillow between the legs By placing the pillow at knee level.
- Wrap ice in a towel and apply it after 15-20 minutes to reduce pain, swelling, and prevent tissue damage. Do this every hour or as directed by your doctor.
- Have the elderly practice exercise as recommended by physical therapists to build strength and increase body movement as well as help reduce pain.
- Apply heat on the back for 20-30 minutes every 2 hours or as directed by your doctor. To relieve pain and reduce muscle spasms.
A broken arm or hand bones
- Have the patient take pain medication as advised by the physician.
- Be careful not to wet the splint. Using a plastic bag to cover the cast completely before taking a shower.
- Wrap ice in a clean towel and compress the area where the broken bone is.
- Put your hand above your heart To relieve swelling.
How to prevent the elderly from fractures?
Broken bones are a serious health problem that easily occurs in the elderly. Family members should be monitored closely. In order to prevent the elderly from falling or falling, hitting the bone until fracture as follows:
- Keep the house tidy
- Add a handrail around the bathtub or toilet. In order for the elderly to support themselves
- Add handrails on both sides of the stairs.
- Always check the lights in the corridor for normal use and sufficient lighting
- Persuade the elderly to exercise or move regularly but be sure to consult your doctor about exercise methods that are appropriate for the patient first.
- Take the elderly to have regular eye check-ups
- Always take them to see a doctor check blood pressure, Osteoporosis, and overall health check. Also, consult your doctor about side effects from drug use that may cause the risk of falls.
- Take care of the nutrition of the elderly to get adequate vitamin D and calcium. They should talk to your doctor about choosing a vitamin D and calcium supplement for the elderly.
- Taking the elderly to get treatment for health problems which are a risk factor.