What is a kidney?
The kidneys are organs shaped like peas, the size of a fist. In a normal person, there are two kidneys on the back of each abdomen.
What are the functions of the kidneys?
- Excrete waste from the body through urine.
- Maintain water balance, mineral and acid-alkali balance, calcium, phosphate, and hormones, stimulate the bone marrow to create red blood cells.
When do the kidneys begin to deteriorate?
- Deterioration by age, kidney function deteriorates by an average of 1% per year when you are 40 years old.
- From other diseases, which will cause kidney degeneration faster.
What diseases cause kidney degeneration?
- Diabetes that poorly regulates blood sugar levels
- High blood pressure for many years.
- Vascular diseases such as a coronary artery or stroke
- Diseases in the elderly such as enlarged prostate and diaphragm.
- Chronic nephritis from taking painkillers for a long time.
- Urinary tract infections with repeated frequently type.
- Childhood kidney disease such as nephrotic kidney disease.
- Cyst disease of both kidneys, which is inherited through hereditary.
- Kidney stones.
What are the warning signs of kidney disease?
- Urine is bloody. It has water with color like wash the meat or has an unusually large bubble.
- Lumbar or lateral pain (not lower than the waist or not in the middle of the back).
- Frequent urination at night or less urine.
- Swollen face, foot, or stomach.
- Headache, numbness from high blood pressure.
- Urinary incontinence or gallstones are removed with urine.
Keep in mind that the deterioration of the kidneys at an early stage Sometimes there are no signs of showing before. However, when the deterioration of the kidneys reaches the end of the chronic renal failure, symptoms are beginning to show and can no longer slow down the deterioration of the kidneys.
How to take care of the kidneys not to develop kidney degeneration early?
Prevention and early admission is the best thing. by practice, as follows:
- Avoid Incontinence
- Avoid taking painkillers for a long time.
- Drink at least 6-8 glasses of fresh water a day.
- A check-up by urine and kidney function at least once a year at age 35 years or older.
Those with diseases that cause kidney degeneration should be treated as follows:
- Control and treatment of diseases of the risk of kidney failure such as diabetes, high pressure, etc.
- Physical check-up and check urine to take care of kidney function at least twice a year.
- Follow your doctor’s order regularly.