Migraines in the elderly

Migraines in the elderly
Migraines in the elderly

As you get older, Migraine headaches will decrease. Due to a decrease in certain hormonal conditions in the body, migraine headaches can also be found in the elderly. Diagnosis and treatment of migraines in the elderly, It’s complicated. Due to the elderly, there may be other diseases that require regular medication and also need to be aware of headaches that come from various complications such as meningitis, cancer, or stroke.

Causes of migraines in the elderly.
Migraine headache is caused by an abnormal transmission of electricity to the surface of the brain. As a result, the brain is more susceptible to stimuli than the average person. When the brain is stimulated, an electrical current runs along the surface of the brain.

This causes changes in blood vessels in the brain. It also stimulates the brain nerve to secrete certain neurotransmitters that cause the stroke to expand and cause inflammation. As a result, it causes headaches.

Stimuli that can cause migraine headaches to include stress, less rest, inhalation or smoke, sunlight, hot or cold weather, as well as some foods such as fermentation, cheese, and wine. Patients should observe and try to avoid it.

In addition, if not treated or treated slowly. The brain adjusts the pain receptor system in the brain to make the headache more frequent, and the frequency is more often so that it will eventually not respond to painkillers.

Migraine headaches symptoms.
Specific headaches of migraine headaches are as follows:

  1. Severe headache, like a squeezing vein.
  2. Usually, on either side, it may be moved sideways or pain on both sides of the head.
  3. Pain is often exacerbated. When doing activities such as walking or upstairs or tilting your head
  4. The pain will subside. If you’re resting in a dark and cold room.
  5. If not treated or receive treatment that is not the right way. Headaches last up to 4-72 hours.
  6. Nausea or vomiting in combination with severe headaches
  7. Distorted vision, ice flake-like vision, see flashing or glare.
  8. Exposure to certain scents, such as perfumes, can be an easy trigger for headaches.

Warning signs about headaches that the elderly should see a doctor immediately.

  1. Unprecedented acute headache
  2. The first severe headache starts at the age of over 50 years old.
  3. Headaches are more severe and the pain duration is longer.
  4. Fever, dizziness, vomiting.
  5. Headaches do not deteriorate even when taking painkillers.
  6. Feeling exhausted, weak limbs, blurry mouth, blurry vision, blurred vision.
  7. Headache struck with elderly people with existing diseases such as cancer, diabetes, paralysis, high blood pressure.

When you experience a headache as a condition, you should be rushed to the hospital to see a doctor. Due to these headaches, it may not be migraine pain. There may be other complications, such as infectious diseases in the cortex, Stroke, or rupture (paralysis), Brain tumors. All of them need to be diagnosed by a doctor, along with additional tests. For example, blood transfusions. Cerebrospinal fluid test A CT Scan or MRI to see the brain and blood vessels in the brain.

Diagnosis of migraine headache
The doctor will perform a physical examination and a history-taking of headaches. If a patient is found to have a headache in combination with a visual disorder He also has a family record of migraines or chronic severe headaches, additional electromagnetic resonance (MRI) tests may be required, to determine the cause of cerebral artery disorders. Especially when the patient first begins to experience symptoms when they are older. It is not often known why additional reasons may be considered.

Treatment of migraine headaches
Migraine treatment has two main purposes. as follows:

  1. Treatment of acute headache.
    Use only when there is a headache. The best effect is to treat headaches immediately after the onset of symptoms. For example, paracetamol, a non-inflammatory drug (NSAIDs). Including drugs that directly affect the stroke, For example, triptan and ergotamine-containing drugs.
  1. Resumption protection.
    Most of them need to take the drug daily, such as:
  1. Anticonvulsants
  2. Antihypertensive
    – The drug group blocks calcium receptors.
    – The drug group blocks beta receptors.
  3. Anxiety relief and stress medications.

Prevention of migraines in the elderly.

  1. Take care of your health by eating a variety of useful foods with a high fiber diet.
  2. Proper light exercise or according to your doctor’s instructions
  3. Do not buy painkillers or other medications to treat them by yourself.
  4. Consult a doctor every time you experience a physical disorder or a severe headache.

The elderly have migraine headaches. Not as often as a young age. But it’s still a fairly common problem. There are also manifestations and more complex treatments. The majority of elderly people have other diseases. Therefore, if you notice that the headache is severe or affects life. See your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. You don’t have to buy your own medicine.

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