Protein deficiency in the elderly

Elderly Meal
Food photo created by drobotdean –

Protein is present in many foods. Especially meat, milk, and eggs, which are the main food sources that provide protein. The elderly will have difficulty chewing meat which is tough and hard to chew.

Therefore the elderly often avoid eating meat. Resulting in decreased meat consumption. Therefore they have the opportunity to get less protein as well if the elderly do not regularly consume other protein sources such as eggs, milk or tofu, the protein intake that the elderly tend to decrease, and in some people, it may not be enough which affect the work of the body in many ways especially the strength of the muscles, and maybe get loss of muscle mass and decreased function of the immune system in elderly.

From Naturally condition, the body of the elderly will have atrophy of the muscles with age. But if they eating insufficient protein and has a negative protein balance in the body including having reduced physical activity and exercise will make the rate of muscle atrophy tends to be faster. It’s also causing the ability to use everyday life rapidly.

In general, adults need 0.8 – 1 gram of protein per day for 1 kilogram of body weight per day. For example, adults weighing 60 kilograms will need 48-60 grams, but in the elderly, there is new research that indicates the elderly should receive 1.0 to 1.2 grams of protein per 1 kilogram of body weight per day (if there are no underlying diseases that cause changes in protein demand, such as liver disease, kidney disease, or cancer, which must be consulted by a dietitian to determine the amount of protein individually). If the elderly weigh 60 kilograms, they will need 60 to 72 grams of protein.

For protein content in food, You can easily calculate as follows
Type of food Quantity 1 serving Size Protein per serving

• ½ sheet hard tofu (60 grams) gives 7 grams of protein
• 2 tablespoons (30 grams) of cooked meat, provides 7 grams of protein
• 1 glass of soy milk (240 milliliters) provides 8 grams of protein
• 1 cup cow’s milk (240 milliliters) provides 8 grams of protein
• 1 egg (50 grams) provides 7 grams of protein
• Soft white tofu 2/3 tubes (180 grams), providing 7 grams of protein

Therefore, it can be seen that it is not difficult to arrange food to get enough protein for the elderly. The important thing is how to choose food for the elderly to eat more. If the elderly have problems with chewing, you may have to choose foods that are soft in texture such as porridge or boiled rice. But must also choose enough meat food usually, fish is soft, easy to eat. If it is other meats such as chicken or pork May have to choose a part that has a soft appearance bring it to cook in a way that makes it easy to chew, or may choose to eat no more than 1 egg per day. Together with drinking cow’s milk, soy milk, or medical food Should be able to get enough protein.

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