The benefits of seafood for the elderly

The benefits of seafood for the elderly

Seafood is rich in many beneficial nutrients. Whether it is protein Omega 3 fatty acids and minerals that are necessary for the elderly body. But excessive or unhygienic consumption of seafood can be harmful to the body. Like food poisoning, mercury poisoning, high blood fat Including weight gain.

Seafood has a distinct flavor that is different from freshwater meats or fish. So many people like this type of food. Nowadays, seafood restaurants are very common. Making the consumption of seafood easier. If eaten properly, it may help to obtain complete nutrition. But on the other hand, if you eat too much or too often, it can lead to health problems. In this article, there are great tips for choosing safe seafood to leave each other.

The benefits of seafood and safe shopping
Seafood contains a wide variety of nutrients that are rare or impossible to find in normal foods. Each type of marine animal has outstanding nutrients as follows.

Sea fish
Marine fish like mackerel, snapper, salmon, and tuna are some of the best quality nutrients in seafood. Especially useful proteins and fatty acids. But most notably, it is omega-3 fatty acids, as they are less common in normal meat. Omega-3s are also classified into DHA and EPA.

Many people believe that eating fish may make them smarter. Scientific evidence suggests that eating fish may improve brain performance. Contributes to fetal brain development, Prevention of dementia in the elderly also has anti-inflammatory effects. Reduce the level of harmful fats within the body. It also reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.

How to choose safe marine fish are as follows.

  • The eyes of the fish should be clear, not cloudy.
  • Texture of fish should feel tight, not messy.
  • The fish should not appear darker, discolored, or appear dry than normal.
  • The fish should have a slight fishy smell naturally and should avoid fish that have an unusual smell Like a strong fishy smell Sour smell or has a pungent smell like ammonia.

In addition, the consumption of sea fish is good for the body. Should eat seafood at least twice a week and cooked by boiling, steaming, baking, or grilling. If you want to eat raw fish, should be eaten in reasonable amounts and not too often.

Shrimp, crab, and shellfish
Shellfish from the sea is high in protein and low in fat. Especially crab and shrimp. This seafood is a good and quality protein source when eaten properly. These crustaceans are also an important mineral source of iodine, essential for the proper functioning of the thyroid gland and brain, vitamin B12 helps protect against heart disease. Zinc helps the immune system to function normally. In addition, some shellfish also contain Astaxanthin or orange substances with antioxidant activity. This compound will help inhibit and slow down the degeneration of cells caused by free radicals that cause some diseases.

Here are a few ways to choose safe enclosures:

  • Avoid buying shells that have cracks.
  • Shrimp, crab, and shellfish should look fresh. Have a clear shell, has a little fishy smell or no smell at all.
  • Choose the one that looks fresh and still alive. It can be observed from the shifting legs or tentacles of shrimp and crabs or clamshells that close when touched by a finger.

Squid
Squid is another type of seafood that people love. But it is believed that squid contains high levels of cholesterol and results in high blood fat if eaten too much. But squid still contains good fats like omega-3 that may help lower cholesterol levels. Therefore, consuming the right amount, cooked by grilling, or steaming instead of frying may help lower your cholesterol and maintain your blood cholesterol balance. Unlike other marine animals, squid is also a good source of protein. Protein helps repair wear and tear of the body and helps body growth.

The risks of eating seafood
The nutrients in seafood are beneficial to the body. But improper consumption of inferior seafood can also cause illnesses.

Food poisoning
Food poisoning is a syndrome that causes diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. The cause is often from eating seafood contaminated with pathogens from the deterioration of food quality. Especially in the hot summer when food spoils faster than usual. This may increase the risk of this syndrome. In addition, chemicals are used to prolong food. Such as Formalin or other chemicals that contaminate food can also cause the symptoms.

Anisakis simplex
Many people believe that consuming raw seafood is safe from parasites. In addition, many people prefer to eat uncooked food. Like raw fish or fresh oysters. Which in fact Eating raw seafood is a risk of getting anisakis, a parasite that lives in marine life. Exposure to this type of parasite can lead to acute poisoning. Resulting in abdominal pain nausea and vomiting If chronic toxicity occurs, there is a risk of bowel obstruction and enteritis.

Mercury exposure
Mercury is a heavy metal naturally present in animals. Excess mercury exposure can lead to disorders related to the immune system, kidneys, and brain. Especially in infants and children. If the fetus is exposed to mercury too high, brain abnormalities or complications may occur during pregnancy. Although most seafood products do not contain the harmful content of a single serving of mercury. But some marine fish have higher mercury content than others. Like eagles, swordfish, mackerel, and sharks, those at risk should avoid or consume only small amounts.

High blood cholesterol
Although the omega-3 fatty acids in this diet may help reduce the level of bad cholesterol in the blood, But if you eat too much and too often, it can increase the cholesterol in the elderly. Especially a menu that is cooked with fries. It may result in obesity, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

Allergic to seafood
Some people may develop food allergies after eating seafood, especially shrimp, mollusks, and crabs. It may result in redness, itching on the body, runny nose, watery eyes, congestion, swollen mouth, throat swelling. Some people with a severe allergic reaction can develop a severe allergic reaction that can cause shock and death, so if you know they have a food allergy, you should avoid that food. Including food that is cooked together.

People in the risk groups such as infants, children, the elderly, pregnant women, and people with underlying disease, You should consult your doctor on how to eat seafood safely to prevent illness.

How to buy and cook seafood safely
Here are some tips to help you eat seafood more safely:

  • You should buy seafood from many sources, as fishing in some areas may be exposed to toxins from wastewater or industrial plants. Choosing to buy from multiple sources may lower your exposure to toxins.
  • The ingredients purchased should be cooked on the same day or as soon as possible. In order to get the full flavor and nutrition and also to prevent eating that deteriorates quality.
  • Seafood can spoil easily. Therefore, it should be eaten immediately after cooking. To keep Should be put in the refrigerator.
  • The raw materials should be stored at the appropriate temperature and covered.
  • If you are allergic to seafood, you should refrain from eating or cooking with that sea animal and place that kind of seafood separately from other foods.
  • Shop for products from quality and reliable stores to prevent exposure to chemicals used to prolong food life.
  • To buy frozen seafood, Always check the expiration date first and choose packaging that has no tear marks.
  • Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds after every contact with fresh food.
  • Washing kitchen equipment Like a knife and a cutting board thoroughly before using it to cut other foods.

You should also limit your seafood consumption when visiting the buffet. Both in terms of quantity and frequency of eating to reduce the risk of disease that may arise Including eating other healthy foods in order to provide the body with complete nutrition.

Food photo created by bearfotos – www.freepik.com

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