The dangers of eating too much salt (sodium) in the elderly.

The dangers of eating too much salt (sodium) in the elderly.
The dangers of eating too much salt (sodium) in the elderly.

What is sodium? Sodium is one of the body’s minerals. Serves to control the balance of mineral salts and water in various parts of the body, regulates the acid-base balance, regulates heartbeat, and pulse. It affects blood pressure and nerve and muscle function.

Our bodies get sodium from food, often in the form of sodium chloride, which has a salty taste. It is often used as a seasoning or preserving food such as fish sauce, shrimp paste, and fermented fish sauce. Sodium is hidden in other food but does not have a salty taste, such as MSG, baking soda, etc.

At present, we unconsciously consume salty food. Because each type of cooked food tends to contain more salt than we should eat. While we should consume only 1 teaspoon of salt per day or not more than 6 grams only. But now found that the average person consumes up to 9 grams of salt per day or more. It may cause high blood pressure and other negative effects in the long term.

Eating salty foods or foods high in sodium, In addition to causing higher blood pressure also at increased risk of death from cardiovascular disease. This is because salt reduces the effectiveness of blood pressure-lowering drugs and it also affects the work of the heart and kidneys.

Eating an excessive amount of sodium Adversely affect the body According to the survey, most people eat twice the recommended amount of sodium. The dangers of eating foods high in sodium are as follows.

  1. Eating foods that are high in sodium can have negative effects on the kidneys from water retention and high blood pressure. Makes the kidneys work harder to increase the filtration of excess sodium and water of the body. The result is increased pressure in the kidneys and the leakage of protein in the urine more. It also stimulates the body to produce certain substances that lead to the deterioration of the kidneys faster.
  2. Eating foods high in sodium can lead to high blood pressure. Eating too much sodium raises blood pressure. Especially in the elderly Chronic kidney disease patients, obese people, and diabetics. With hypertension causing a negative effect on the blood vessels in organs such as the heart and brain, coronary heart disease, stroke, paralysis.
  3. Eating foods high in sodium can lead to salt and water congestion in various organs. In healthy people, The kidneys can also get rid of excess salt and water in time. But in patients with chronic kidney disease, Often it is impossible to get rid of excess salt and water in the body. Causes salt and water congestion in organs such as limbs, heart, and lungs, causing swollen limbs, fatigue, chest tightness, unable to lie down in patients with heart disease. The excess water in the body makes a heart attack more easily.

Therefore, we should avoid salty foods, fermented foods, processed foods that are high in salt gradually, and try to stop adding different sauces to the food. Also, avoid foods that are high in saturated fat and cholesterol. Do not drink too much alcohol. Add rest, Do some exercise It will help slow down the occurrence of chronic diseases.

The role of salty foods in the development of kidney disease.

Hypertension and chronic kidney disease are major public health problems for people around the world. According to the study, up to one-fourth of the population has high blood pressure in adulthood, or more than 1000 million people, and about 700 million people with chronic kidney disease. Most of them are early-stage kidney disease. Which if hypertension is not treated properly Will lead to complications such as heart attack, paralysis, and deterioration of kidney function. Leading to kidney failure. The main principle in the care of patients with these diseases is to control blood pressure, treat diabetes, and prevent cardiovascular complications.

Studies have shown that people who eat diets high in sodium regularly. They are more likely to suffer from heart disease and death than people who eat a reasonable amount of sodium. So we should come to know what is called sodium. To know the role in the body and how to properly reduce the sodium content in food.

Sodium is one of the most important minerals in the body. Serves to regulate the balance of mineral salts. The distribution of water in different parts of the body regulates the acid-base balance. Regulates heartbeat and pulse It affects blood pressure and nerve and muscle function. Our bodies get sodium from food. This is usually in the form of sodium chloride salt Salty It is often used to season or preserve food such as fish sauce, shrimp paste, and sodium is also hidden in other forms of food, but it does not have a salty taste like MSG, baking powder, etc.

The major obstacles to blood pressure control are: Consuming large amounts of salt Salt or fish sauce is added to make the food taste salty. In particular, the general public has a habit of consuming up to twice the amount of salt that the body needs. And the consequences that follow with salty foods are high sodium. Which eating foods high in sodium Adversely affects both high blood pressures Increased leakage of protein in the urine and also directly adversely affects the kidneys.

What foods contain sodium?
Foods with high sodium content most often have a salty taste. Therefore should avoid all foods that taste salty. Some foods are high in sodium but are not salty. Which is called having hidden sodium Causing us to take sodium without realizing it.

Therefore, it is important to know this type of food as well. The survey found that the sodium content was largely derived from the cooking process, rather than by adding fish sauce or salt when the food was cooked. We can divide foods with sodium as an ingredient as follows.

  1. Dessert with baking powder (Baking Powder Or Baking Soda) such as cakes, cookies, pancakes, bread, which baking powder used to make these desserts contain sodium. (Sodium bicarbonate) including instant starch The ones used to make desserts also contain sodium. Because the baking powder has already been mixed.
  2. Water and beverages Rainwater is sodium-free water. But groundwater and tap water contain quite a small amount of sodium. As for various brands of sports drinks, Sodium compounds were added as well. It is intended as a beverage for athletes or people who lose a lot of sweat, not the general public. Fruit juices in boxes, jars, or cans are often added with preservatives. (Sodium benzoate) to make these juices high in sodium. So if you want to drink juice It is better to drink fresh fruit juice.
  3. Processed food or food preservation: all kinds of canned food, fermented food, salted food, dried food, salted meat, salted fish, fermented fish, pickled vegetables and pickled fruits, etc.
  4. Instant food such as noodles, porridge, boiled rice, various instant soups. Both loaf and sachet types.
  5. MSG, even without a salty flavor But it also contains about 15 percent of sodium of components.
  6. Canned foods such as canned fruits, canned fish, and various instant foods, crisps, etc. These foods contain salt or preservatives. Which contains very high amounts of sodium.
  7. Condiments such as salt (both table salt and ground salt), fish sauce has a high sodium content. People who have to restrict sodium should not consume sauces such as oyster sauce, ketchup, chili sauce, sweet and sour dips, these sauces, although not as much sodium as fish sauce. But people who have to limit sodium also need to be careful not to overeat.

The optimal amount of sodium for consumption should not exceed 2,400 mg per day. In which the following condiments in the amount of 1 teaspoon will contain different sodium, for example

  • The seasoning powder contains 950 mg of sodium / 1 teaspoon.
  • MSG contains 600 mg of sodium / 1 teaspoon.
  • The seasoning sauce contains 400 mg of sodium / 1 teaspoon.

Eating three servings of these cooked foods a day will get twice as much sodium as your body needs. In addition, if we add more fish sauce It will increase the amount of sodium to 500 mg per teaspoon, resulting in a higher amount of sodium in the body.

Therefore, the important principles for reducing the intake of sodium are: Avoid using salt in your cooking. And choose to add flavoring so that the amount of sodium does not exceed the specified amount. Choosing foods that come in a variety of flavors, such as hot and sour soup, or spicy to enhance the flavor. Avoid pickled foods. No added MSG, Eat little broths, check the sodium content per serving on the label of ready meals.

Salty foods and foods high in sodium are considered quite harmful to health. The common people’s habit of eating salty food. That is difficult to modify, But that is not impossible. Because when getting used to our tongues will no longer grow salty. So we have come to create a habit of eating fresh food properly from today. To reduce the incidence of various complications and for good health.

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